Pangkor Agreement

“….. the session could not begin until January 16. At that time, Sir Andrew and Lady Clarke and their companions had arrived in Pangkor on Pluto. The meeting began with solemn visits by the chiefs to the governor`s house on board the ship. Among the four main candidates for the sultan`s position were present only mantri and Abdullah. Ismail later claimed to have received his invitation too late, while Yusuf was not even invited, even though he had written to Singapore in February 1869 that he was declaring his claim to the throne. Among the small leaders present, the majority represented or supported the leaders of Lower Perak. Upper Perak`s representatives were largely absent, and all had personal reasons not to mention Raja Yusof`s assertion. The actual procedure began at 3:30 p.m.m. With an interview between Clarke and Mantri, alone. Mantri was accompanied by his lawyer R.C.Woods in Penang to Pangkor, who was not allowed to participate in the proceedings itself. After some hesitation, Mantri agreed to have a British officer in Larut to support and advise him, but he claimed that he maintained Larut independently of the sultan. Another conundrum of Pangkor`s procedure is Clarke`s obvious ignorance of Mantri`s recognition as an independent ruler in early 1873.

Clarke also saw Abdullah and was pleasantly surprised to discover that Abdullah was not the enigma expected by previous reports of street officials. But Ihese who. No more than impressions. The advice of experts was necessary, and later on the afternoon of Friday, January 16, Haji Mohamed Said was invited to write a memorandum and a family tree of the Perak royal family. Haji Mahomed Said had of course been the Malay teacher of Swettenham in Singapore. This was translated by Swettenham, who confirmed the accuracy of his own translation. He was then thwarted by McNair for his veracity. With his help, Clarke was able to decide that Abdullah had a much better claim than Ismail, because Yusuf`s case was ignored.

There is no doubt that Clarke was aware of Mantri`s assertion and chose to ignore it, thus directly reversing his predecessor`s policy. On the afternoon of Saturday, January 17, a plenary session of the chiefs was held. Mantri, who was no doubt aware that his position had been severely weakened by the reversal of Ord`s recognition policy, struggled to be convinced to participate.



Written by Brett Pierce - Visit Website

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